In 1523, Guatemala was discovered by Cortes who was looking for precious metals to finance the Spanish war effort in Europe. Some silver was found but little else.

Over half the population of Guatemala today is pure Indian;
descendants from the great Maya Civilization.

Mayan Ruins :

Tikal, in the lowlands of northern Guatemala, is a major attraction as many Mayan ruins of the 3rd and 4th centuries have been excavated.

The area is one of the largest Mayan ceremonial centers About 50,000 Maya lived here until it was abandoned, for mysterious reasons, in the 10th century.

Guatemala City:
In 1776, Guatemala City became the country's third capital. This was after Antigua was almost destroyed by an earthquake.

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