flutes were common. One example shows a flute made from bird bones.
Clay flutes also survive. Ocarinas are flutes in the shapes of animals.
The word ocarina
comes from the Spanish, who settled in the Central American country
of Costa Rica, rich in rain forest animals.
The ancient inhabitants of Costa Rica crafted ocarinas
that represented birds, armadillos, owls, bats tapirs, monkeys,
and other rain forest creatures.
Today modern Latin American artists make ocarinas
inspired by the ancient ones. The instruments are played by blowing
in the small hole at the end, covering with your fingers the four
holes on the body, and leaving the large hole at the end uncovered.
When fingers are lifted off any of the four holes on the
body , varying sounds are created. The sounds made are similar to the calls
of Costa Rican birds.